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Do Islamic Banks Employ Less Earnings Management?

Do Islamic Banks Employ Less Earnings Management?
Majdi Anwar Quttainah, Laing Song and Qiang Wu

Abstract: "In this paper, we examine 1) whether Islamic banks are less likely to manage their earnings, and 2) how the corporate governance system, especially Shari’ah Supervisory Boards (SSBs), impacts the earnings management behaviors within Islamic banks. Using a sample of Islamic Banks and a matched non-Islamic Banks in the ERF region, we find that first; Islamic Banks are less likely to conduct earnings management as measured by both earnings loss avoidance and abnormal loan loss provisions. Second, there is no significant difference between Islamic Banks with and without SSBs in terms of earnings management. Third, several SSB characteristics and board characteristics, such as SSB size, Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Intuitions (AAOIFI), and outside board members, are important determinants of the earnings management for Islamic Banks with SSBs."

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